Dr. Bustan Smadar Publications

Dr. Smadar Bustan, is a philosopher-phenomenologist, who conducts experimental studies on pain and suffering at the University of Luxembourg. She is the Founder and Coordinator of the Interdisciplinary and International Program on Suffering and Pain.

Her research and publications cover the fields of phenomenology, ethics and political philosophy, mind-body theories, and the bridge between the Continental and American philosophies. She is working on a theory on Pain and Suffering that is being tested experimentally in the framework of the PASCOM collaborative project between the University of Luxembourg and the Central Institute of Mental Health in Mannheim, Germany. She focuses on the pivotal concept of pre-reflectivity and her theory in development is the conductive thread of a planned trilogy, with a first book in French “From intellectualism to Ethics – Emmanuel Levinas and the Phenomenology of Edmund Husserl” (Ousia, 2014, 480 pages).

The major philosophical-scientific contribution of her work consists in: firstly, introducing in her book the idea of pre-reflexivity as a bridging concept between a theory according to which everything is considered using our mind (Husserl’s Phenomenology) and a theory by which certain life events are disruptive to this reflexive course (Levinas’ Ethics). She shows that instead of a philosophical split, the bridging new ethical phenomenological orientation allows to explain the passage from pre-cognitive to cognitive experiences. Secondly, taking the example of pain and suffering, she philosophically defines these phenomena and demonstrates their paradigmatic role. Thirdly and finally, a series of scientific papers test these assumptions on suffering while proposing a methodology to be included in the experimental and medical research on pain. Based on her and her collaborators findings in the laboratory, she claims that suffering is an inherent factor of the pain experience and a component to be added to the currently used parameters (intensity and unpleasantness) when evaluating the experience of the pained. Among the awards she has received, Dr. Smadar Bustan was a Sachs Fellow (Harvard University) and won an ESF Exploratory Workshop grant [EW08-024].

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Books

1. Bustan S. (2014), De l’intellectualisme à l’éthique – Emmanuel Levinas et la phénoménologie d’Edmund Husserl, Bruxelles: Ousia, 480 pages.

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2. Bustan S. and Anton F. editors (12/2014), Fundamental Transdisciplinary Questions on Suffering and Pain, 24 authors, 11 chapters, 550 pages, Springer New York.

3. Bustan S. A phenomenological theory on Suffering and Pain, for 2015, contract under negotiation.

Book Chapters

4. Bustan S. (2014). « On the limits of knowing Suffering and Pain», in. Isabel Fernandes (ed.), Creative Dialogues: Narrative and Medicine, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 17 pages, in press.

5. Bustan S. (2012). «Levinas, Husserl et la nouvelle orientation éthique-phénoménologique», in. Recherches Lévinassiennes volume II, Londres, Louvain-Paris: éditions Peters, p. 259-274.

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6. Bustan S. (2009). « L’ambiguïté d’une éthique de la souffrance dans la pénsée française contemporaine», Maurice Blanchot et la Philosophie, suivi de trois articles de Maurice Blanchot, Eric Hoppenot et Alain Milon Dirs., coll. Résonances de Maurice Blanchot, Paris: éd. Presses Universitaires de Paris Ouest, pp. 179-198.

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7. Bustan S. (2008). « Trois préludes sur les divergences entre Levinas et Blanchot: la Transcendance, la Mort et le Neutre », Sous la direction d’Eric Hoppenot et Alain Milon, Levinas, Blanchot, penser la différence, Paris : éditions des Presses Universitaires de Paris 10, pp. 63-79.

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Peer reviewed Articles

8. Bustan S. (2011). « Suffering», for “Mafte’akh” the Israeli Lexical Review of Political Thought. Online Journal, University of Tel-Aviv, n. 3, p. 151-178.

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9. Bustan S. (submitted 2011). «Entre politique et politique – sur le double sens du terme chez Maurice Blanchot», Blanchot et le Politique, collection Résonances de Maurice Blanchot, Sous la direction d’Eric Hoppenot et Alain Milon, Paris: éditions des Presses Universitaires de Paris 10, 18 pages, publication 2014.

10. Bustan S., Kerr C. (2010). «Feeling without awareness: converging phenomenological and neuroscientific approaches to acute Suffering », 20 pages expected publication in Anglo-Saxónica in  10/14.

11. Bustan S. (2010). «Givenness and the Orthodox Jew Aporias in Jean-Luc Marion’s theory of the Saturated Phenomena», Revue ThéoRème – enjeux philosophiques des approaches empiriques de la religion, n. 1, (with a responding article by Jean-Luc Marion). DOI: 10.4000/theoremes.63, p. 1-17.

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12. Bustan S. (2009). «Apologia or Phenomenologia? On chapter 6 of In Excess », Revue Biblique, T. 116-1, April 2009, pp. 163-173.

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13. Bustan S. (2006). «Levinas et Husserl : dépasser l’intellectualisme philosophique», Revue internationale de philosophie – Emmanuel Levinas, 1/2006 (n° 235), p. 35-59.

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Book prefaces

14. Bustan S. (2008). Book Preface (Hebrew) «Three circles of Life and Writing», in. trans. The Step (not) Beyond by Maurice Blanchot, Tel-Aviv: Resling editorial, pp. 7-42.

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15. Bustan S. (2007). Book Preface (Hebrew), «On Givenness and the Saturated Phenomena», in. trans. In-Excess by Jean-Luc Marion, Tel-Aviv: Resling editorial House, pp. 7-38.

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Book Translations and annotations (from French into Hebrew)

16. M. Blanchot, The step (not) beyond, trans. Smadar Bustan, Tel-Aviv: Resling Publishers, Israel, 2009.

17. Jean-Luc Marion, In-Excess, trans. Smadar Bustan, Tel-Aviv: Resling Publishers, Israel, 2007.

18. E. Levinas, Humanism of the other person, trans. Smadar Bustan, Jerusalem: Bialik Institute, 2004.

Posters presented at scientific conferences (PASCOM): Neural circuits conference, Heidelberg 2013; German Pain Congress, Hamburg 2013; Argentina, World Congress on Pain 2014.

Invited Speaker (a selection)

  1. Apr. 2014, University of Helsinki, What is Suffering and How
 to Resolve the Split Between Phenomenology and Science, At the Limits of Phenomenology, 12th Annual Conference of the Nordic Society for Phenomenology.
  2. Feb. 2014, University of Heidelberg, Center of Biomedicine and Medical Center of Biomedicine and Medical Technology Mannheim, CBTM (Prof. Walter Magerl), On the necessity to introduce the dimension of suffering into the scientific and medical research.
  3. Dec. 2013, University Paris Sorbonne, Philosophy department (Prof. Daniel Andler), Définir la souffrance pour la recherche médicale-scientifiqe et surmonter les conflits méthodologiques.
  4. Oct. 2013, University Clinic Heidelberg, Phenomenology and Psychology Department, (Prof. Thomas Fuchs), When phenomenology meets psychophysics: defining suffering for experimental pain research.
  5. Nov. 2012, Institut Catholique de Paris, Key note speaker, La Souffrance: une force de vie? Friedrich Nietzsche.
  6. Aug. 2012, 14th World Congress on Pain, Milan, Reflections on Suffering (SIG: Working with Survivors of Torture and Conflict).
  7. Feb. 2012, Institut Catholique de Paris, Laboratoire de phénoménologie, De l’intellectualisme à l’éthique: Emmanuel Lévinas et  la phénoménologie d’Edmund Husserl.
  8. Dec. 2011, Zentrum für Literatur und Kulturforschung, Berlin, International Conference, On Suffering.
  9. September 2010, University of Lisbon, Centre for English Studies, On the limits of narrating Suffering and Pain, Medicine and Narrative International Conference.
  10. May 2010 Hebrew University, Scholion, On the limits of knowing Pain and Suffering, Knowledge and Pain International Conference.
  11. Nov. 2009 University of Luxembourg, Feeling without awareness: converging phenomenological and neuroscientific approaches to acute Suffering in. ESF explanatory workshop (convenor, speaker).
  12. May 2009 Nanterre University (Paris 10), Entre politique et politique – sur le double sens du terme chez Blanchot, Maurcie Blanchot, Communauté, Politique et Histoire 1931-2003, international conference.
  13. Nov. 2008 Tel-Aviv University, On the notion of suffering for the Israeli political and legal dictionary, Minerva international conference.
  14. June 2008 Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Placebos: ethics, science and clinical reality.
  15. May 2008 Sorbonne Paris 1, How far can a particularist go? On Dancy’s ethics, Philosophy, Practices and the practice of Philosophy International conference.
  16. May 2008 Nanterre Sorbonne Paris 10, L’éthique de la souffrance, Blanchot international conference.
  17. Jan. 2008 Van-Leer Institute Jerusalem  – Givenness – a dialogue with Jean-Luc Marion, organizer and a keynote speaker.
  18. Nov. 2007 Boston University Philosophy DepartmentEthics before/without Ontology in Putnam and Levinas, PhD School conference.
  19. 2007 Osher Institute, Harvard Medical School – Healing, Placebo and Ethics Meeting, The Ethics of Emmanuel Levinas and the Patient-Doctor Relationship.
  20. 2006 Paris UNESCO, International conference, Un siècle avec Levinas: Levinas – Blanchot, penser la différence, Trois préludes sur les divergences entre Levinas et Blanchot.
  21. 2006 Cluny Conférence, International conference, Un siècle avec Levinas: Levinas en héritage, Levinas, Husserl et la nouvelle orientation éthique phénoménologique.
  22. 2003 Beijing University, China, Philosophy Department, the PhD/Post Doc advanced school, The meaning lies in the absence – Emmanuel Levinas’ theory of meaning.
  23. 2001 Beer-Sheva University, Israel, Israeli Philosophy Foundation Annual Meeting, Doubting the human Conscious and not the conscience of doubt II: The tensions between Husserl’s phenomenology and Levinas’ ethics.
  24. 2000 Beer-Sheva University, Israel, The Israeli Philosophy Foundation Annual Meeting, Doubting the human Conscious and not the conscience of doubt I: The tensions between Husserl’s phenomenology and Levinas’ ethics
  25. 1999 Haifa University, Israel, The Israeli Philosophy Foundation Annual Meeting, Ethical subject or reasoning subject: Levinas’ criticism on Husserl’s theory of internationality
  26. 1998 Haifa University, Philosophy Department, Israel, Escaping Ontology, PhD advanced School conference.
  27. 1998 Tel-Aviv University, Israel, The Israeli Philosophy Foundation Annual Meeting, Here I am: ethics and prophesy in Levinas’ philosophy.